You read about things like "acid rain" and "PCBs" and you wonder how they affect you. They are related directly to water pollution, and they have EVERYTHING to do with you. The first thing to understand is that water pollution is never something that just washes away or is diluted to the point of no longer being a problem. Instead, it is usually something that has to be identified, assessed, and remedied by knowledgeable professionals.
It helps to understand that pollution of water is viewed in a few ways by scientists and environmentalists. First, there is the most obvious type of pollution, which is the "point source" pollution. This is when a large company, plant, or other entity is just blatantly dumping toxins or pollutants into the nearest body of water. Because there are not global rules about such things, it is totally possible for a massive corporation to be a point source polluter for years on end.
Today, any point source polluter in the United States is going to be identified, penalized and made to professionally clean up any spills. Yes, that massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is indeed an example of a prime source pollutant, and the clean up is going to take decades.
Why? Water pollution means that the water and the marine environment have been contaminated. This is very obvious with something like an oil spill that washes ashore, kills animals and wildlife, and destroys most of the surrounding environment. The other type of pollution, the "non point source" pollution, is just as problematic.
This is the type of pollution that comes from more than a single source, is not usually very obvious or easily detected, and can cause tons of trouble. Just think about massive agricultural or farming areas that have too many fertilizers and pesticides at work. Over time, these materials saturate the ground and head towards all of the native bodies of water.
In fact, the non point sources are often the "guilty parties" when groundwater pollution occurs too. This is the water that resides out of sight and beneath the ground. When pollutants slowly accumulate, such as runoff from fields, roads, construction sites, and urban settings, things can get very bad in places that are not easily seen.
So, this means that it is best to consider the ways that you may be contributing to this horrible dilemma, and to then remedy the situation by preventing toxins from entering waterways or soaking into groundwater sources.
Pollution is a major concern both globally and locally, but there is something you can do to avoid falling victim to the effects of pollution in your water sources. Since pollution is defined as anything that makes our water dirty or unclean, the possible sources of pollution are limitless.
Major pollution comes from such things as oil spills and chemicals that make their way into the ocean via rivers and streams. Natural solids pollute the water as well. When soil erodes away from a waterway and into the water, it effects the bio-chemical structure of the water and thus pollutes it. Other things like grass clippings that make their way into the water remove some of the oxygen which kills some of the bottom feeders. This in turn disrupts the food chain.
Storm drains, septic tanks and sewers add an even more harmful pollution to water via viruses, bacteria and protozoan. These can cause widespread illness as well if they make their way back into water consumption. Typhoid and other illnesses are caused this way.
Oil spills, petroleum and radioactive waste do the absolute most damage to the earth’s water. There is simply no easy way to clean these pollutants from the water. The entire eco-system is affected and the problem has already lead to an abundance of diseased fish that are unfit for consumption. We may even be eating contaminated fish now as there would be no way to tell in the early stages of the diseases.
Ultimately, every individual is responsible not only for polluting the water but also for helping to clean it up.
The chemicals we use to clean our homes and the chemicals we use on our bodies and hair all end up in the water. Almost everyone has seen the more obvious occurrences like careless people at the beaches who just throw their trash into the ocean, but obvious or not, we are all contributors to the problem. We all need to become more aware of what causes
water pollution and what we can do about it, and we all need to take measures to ensure the safety of our own personal water supplies, clean water through water filter, home water filtration systems, water filter systems, water softener systems
For starters, we can keep harmful materials such as batteries and toxins out of the trash can. Contact your local sanitation department to find out what to do with these things. Also, do NOT pour them down the drains where they will end up directly in the water system. If possible, use more environmentally friendly materials to clean the home. There are many “green” products out there that are very effective and yet do not pollute our water.
These are only a few tips and strategies for improving water pollution, but there are many more, and many that should be utilized as part of an at-home 'going green' campaign for personal wellness. Learn more about what you can do to preserve good water for your home, and for your world.