Blueberry plants are flowering plants that live for more than two years and have dark-purple berries.
The fruit is a berry with a crown at the end and the flowers are bell-shaped with colors as vibrant as pink, white, pale red to greenish. Blueberry bushed bear fruit in the mid-season and the fruiting times are varied, depending on the climate, altitude and latitude with the peak season being May to August.
Blueberries plants are easy to grow and can be used for more purposes than just eating and the fruits are versatile and rich in Vitamin C. There are many blueberry varieties and the type to be grown has to be carefully selected based on the local factors like climate, altitude etc. Once the variety has been selected, soil preparation is the next immediate task as the soil has to be made ready accordingly since it is a shallow rooted shrub and required soil that holds moisture well.
Dry or sandy soil can be made better by adding organic matter or compost. Soils should be prepared and made ready at least 2 weeks before the actual planting. Blueberry bushes should be planted in full sunlight for maximum fruit production. One method is to Mulch the blueberry plant with clean straw, wood chips or saw dust that will help conserve moisture as well help in controlling the growth of the weed. They require at least 2 inches of water for proper ripening and productivity. Blossoms should be removed from newly-set-out plants to encourage maximum growth.
Blueberry is a medicinally sought-after fruit for it has the highest antioxidant capacity of all fresh fruit and thus acts as an excellent immune builder and anti-bacterial. It is known to neutralize the free radicals that can affect disease and aging in the body, thereby acting as a remarkable anti-ageing agent. A recent study has revealed that Blueberries are very good at reducing belly fat and also fighting against the risk factors of cardio-vascular diseases.
Blueberries can be surprisingly beneficial in fighting against urinary infections as the growth of infection causing bacteria like b-coli is inhibited by a compound found in this magical fruit. Since it is a rich source of Vitamin C and also other vitamins, it proves to be very beneficial in preserving vision and preventing and delaying delay all age related ocular problems like macular degeneration, cataract, myopia and hypermetropia. The roughage in the berry keeps one away from constipating while vitamins enhance digestion.